Gastroenterology deals with the digestive system which includes the esophagus, stomach, small bowel, large bowel (colon) and diseases affecting the liver, gall bladder and pancreas. This specialty addresses complaints that include mouth ulcers, reflux, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, rectal bleeding and jaundice.
An Endoscopy is a sophisticated method of investigating and treating diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. There are several types available depending on the procedure required. Flexible tubes equipped with computer chips provide the finest details of the inside of the gastro-intestinal tract, allowing diagnosis and treatment whilst doing the endoscopy.
The patient’s condition is closely monitored throughout the process, from early detection, diagnosis and treatment.
Some of the procedures performed at the Gastroenterology Department are:
Capsule endoscopy is a procedure that uses a tiny wireless camera to take pictures of your digestive tract. The camera sits inside a vitamin-sized capsule that you sallow. As the capsule travels through your digestive tract, the camera takes thousands of pictures that are transmitted to a recorder you wear on a belt around your waist or over your shoulder.
Capsule endoscopy helps doctors see inside your small intestine – an area that isn’t easily reached with conventional endoscopy. Capsule endoscopy can be used by adults and by children who can sallow the capsule. The procedure is usually started in a doctor’s office.
Fibroscan is based on ultrasound elastography technology using a machine that sends a vibration wave through the liver. The Fibroscan will measure how long it takes for the wave to travel through the liver.
The actual procedure is painless. A gel is deposited on the skin where the Fibroscan probe will be pressed (in the location of the liver) and multiple readings are taken. Once the procedure is completed the machine will take an average of all of the readings. It has been shown to have high degree of accuracy for predicting mild fibrosis, severe fibrosis and cirrhosis. It is less likely
to distinguish the difference between no or minimal fibrosis.