Endocrinology is a specialty of internal medicine focusing on the endocrine glands and tissues that secrete hormones and as such, deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to hormones.
It covers such human functions as the coordination of metabolism, respiration, reproduction, sensory perception, and movement.
The human endocrine system comprises a number of glands that produce and secrete hormones into the bloodstream which transports them to the body’s organs and tissues. Endocrine glands include thyroid, pancreas, pituitary, adrenal, ovaries, testes and pubertal, with some even in the intestines.
Gulf Diagnostic Center Hospital’s team of Endocrinologists is trained to diagnose and treat the following hormone problems by restoring their normal balance in a human body.
Diabetes is a long-term health condition in which the person has high level of blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both.
There are two main types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes develops when insulin producing cells have been destroyed and the body is unable to produce any insulin. Usually, appearing before the age of 40 — especially in childhood — approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are Type 1 , which are treated using insulin (either by injection or pump), a healthy diet and regular physical activity.
Type 2 Diabetes develops when the body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin that is produced does not work properly. Usually, showing up usually in people aged over 40 (although it is becoming more common in children) approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type. Type 2 is treated with a healthy diet and regular physical activity but medication is often required.
The main aim of diabetes treatment is to achieve blood glucose, blood pressure and blood fat levels (including cholesterol) within the target ranges agreed by you with your doctor. This, together with a healthy lifestyle, will reduce the risk of developing the long-term complications of diabetes such as heart attack, stroke, amputation, blindness, kidney failure and nerve damage.